Chapter 4 – Improvised Death


Images: (click to enlarge)

Combat Engineers from Co. A, 4th Combat Engineer Battalion performing a route clearing mission, probing suspected areas with bayonets. (John Baldwin photo)
WarPig 3 gunners on Camp Al-Qaim: (l-r) Dan Jerome, Steven Bruno, Justin Abraham, Jonathan Neer, Jonathan Penland. (Jonathan Penland photo)
US Marine Corps (USMC) Lance Corporal (LCPL) Michael “Pooh” Winniford, 8th Engineer Support Battalion (ESB), Alpha (A) Company (CO), Camp Lejeune, North Carolina (NC), checks a pothole for mines on Main Supply Route (MSR) Tin, during a convoy from Camp Al Asad to Al Qaim. LCPL Winniford is part of the Engineer’s Sapper Team that travels in front of the convoy and searches for any landmines. The USMC M1116 Up-Armored High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) armed with a Browning M2 HB 0.50 caliber heavy machine gun on a turret waits for the all clear.
3/2 Security Platoon, “Chaos”, group photo just before being disbanded

Maps: (click to enlarge)


1. “IED War”,, 15aug20
2. “June 2003–September 2010”, CSIS, 11nov10
3. Ibid.
4. “The Enduring IED Problem”, Joint Forces Quarterly, Q1 2016
5. Chris Ieva, email to author
6. Mike Hodd, interview with author
7. “Left of Boom” series (parts 1-4), Washington Post, 30sep-3oct05
8. “The Birth of the Combined Explosives Exploitation Cell”, Small Wars Journal, 2008
9. John Schneekloth, interview with author
10. Ibid.
11. Chuck Yazzinni, interview with author
12. Ibid.
13. “CLB-2 Marines secure roadways, convoys”,, 23nov05
14. Tim Mundy, interview with author
15. Justin Abraham, interview with author
16. Ian Kantner, interview with author
17. Ibid.
18. A.J. Lomando and Ian Kantner, interviews with author
19. A.J. Lomando, interview with author
20. Ibid.
21. Ibid.
22. Ian Kantner, interview with author
23. A.J. Lomando, interview with author
24. Dean Webster, online letter to Overton family, posted on website
25. Ibid.
26. Tim Mundy, interview with author
27. “3/2 Marines honor a fallen brother”,, 3may05
28. Gary Hess and other members of Chaos, interviews with author

3rd Battalion, 2nd Marines and the fight for Al-Qaim, Iraq

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